1 Corinthians; Chapter 11, Communion

October 19, 2013
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Folllowing are the sermon notes and the selected Scriptures highlighing the topics and the depth of God's Holy Word. 

Who wrote this letter: Paul

• When: Writes "1 Corinthians" [Corinthians B] (c. AD 54-55)

From Where? : Ephesus 1 Cor. 16:8

AUTHOR: PAUL, the apostle (1Cr 1:1; 1Cr 16:21)


Probably in the spring of 57 A.D., shortly before the Jewish feast of Pentecost (1Cr 16:8), during his third missionary journey (Act 19).

You can learn about how the Corinth church was established in Act 18

Several things happened at the final supper.
The Last Supper, Was the Jewish Passover Feast. Exodus 12
The final plague of God.
A lamb would be slaughtered and the blood put on the door frame of the home.
Thus the judging angel would pass over their homes.

The last supper was a pass-over supper.
[Jhn 1:28 ESV] These things took place in Bethany across the Jordan, where John was baptizing.
[Jhn 1:29 ESV] The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, "Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!
[Jhn 1:35 ESV] The next day again John was standing with two of his disciples,
[Jhn 1:36 ESV] and he looked at Jesus as he walked by and said, "Behold, the Lamb of God!"
[Jhn 1:37 ESV] The two disciples heard him say this, and they followed Jesus.

During that pass-over supper.
1.Jesus washed the disciples feet. John 13.
2.Jesus washed the feet of Judas Iscariot
Feet that would run to the evil and bring that evil to Jesus in a garden.
3. Peter would declare allegiance but be told he would deny Jesus.

Jesus promises a heavenly home.
[Jhn 14:1 ESV] "Let not your hearts be troubled. Believe in God; believe also in me.
[Jhn 14:2 ESV] In my Father's house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you?
[Jhn 14:3 ESV] And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also.

Jesus Promises the Holy Spirit.
[Jhn 14:16 ESV] And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever,
[Jhn 14:17 ESV] even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.

Jesus Promises those who abide will bear fruit.
[Jhn 15:7 ESV] If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you.
[Jhn 15:8 ESV] By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples.
[Jhn 15:9 ESV] As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Abide in my love.

Jesus points out the world will hate you.
[Jhn 15:18 ESV] "If the world hates you, know that it has hated me before it hated you.
[Jhn 15:19 ESV] If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you.
[Jhn 15:20 ESV] Remember the word that I said to you: 'A servant is not greater than his master.' If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you. If they kept my word, they will also keep yours.
[Jhn 15:21 ESV] But all these things they will do to you on account of my name, because they do not know him who sent me.
[Jhn 15:22 ESV] If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have been guilty of sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin.
[Jhn 15:23 ESV] Whoever hates me hates my Father also.

John 16
Jesus tells them about His death and how the disciples will all run away.

John 17 Jesus prays for His disciples and He prays for us also.
[Jhn 17:1 ESV] When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you,
[Jhn 17:2 ESV] since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him.
[Jhn 17:3 ESV] And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent.
[Jhn 17:4 ESV] I glorified you on earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do.
[Jhn 17:5 ESV] And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had with you before the world existed.
[Jhn 17:6 ESV] "I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world. Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word.
[Jhn 17:7 ESV] Now they know that everything that you have given me is from you.
[Jhn 17:8 ESV] For I have given them the words that you gave me, and they have received them and have come to know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me.
[Jhn 17:9 ESV] I am praying for them. I am not praying for the world but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours.
[Jhn 17:10 ESV] All mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I am glorified in them.
[Jhn 17:11 ESV] And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you have given me, that they may be one, even as we are one.
[Jhn 17:12 ESV] While I was with them, I kept them in your name, which you have given me. I have guarded them, and not one of them has been lost except the son of destruction, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.
[Jhn 17:13 ESV] But now I am coming to you, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have my joy fulfilled in themselves.
[Jhn 17:14 ESV] I have given them your word, and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.
[Jhn 17:15 ESV] I do not ask that you take them out of the world, but that you keep them from the evil one.
[Jhn 17:16 ESV] They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.
[Jhn 17:17 ESV] Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.
[Jhn 17:18 ESV] As you sent me into the world, so I have sent them into the world.
[Jhn 17:19 ESV] And for their sake I consecrate myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth.
[Jhn 17:20 ESV] "I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word,
[Jhn 17:21 ESV] that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me.
[Jhn 17:22 ESV] The glory that you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are one,
[Jhn 17:23 ESV] I in them and you in me, that they may become perfectly one, so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me.
[Jhn 17:24 ESV] Father, I desire that they also, whom you have given me, may be with me where I am, to see my glory that you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
[Jhn 17:25 ESV] O righteous Father, even though the world does not know you, I know you, and these know that you have sent me.
[Jhn 17:26 ESV] I made known to them your name, and I will continue to make it known, that the love with which you have loved me may be in them, and I in them."

Jesus shares this precious moment.
[Luk 22:14 ESV] And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him.
[Luk 22:15 ESV] And he said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer.
[Luk 22:16 ESV] For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God."
[Luk 22:17 ESV] And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, "Take this, and divide it among yourselves.
[Luk 22:18 ESV] For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes."
[Luk 22:19 ESV] And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me."
[Luk 22:20 ESV] And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.

Now we come to the young church of Corinth.
And there are issues concerning the worship of communion.

[1Cr 11:17 ESV] But in the following instructions I do not commend you, because when you come together it is not for the better but for the worse.
[1Cr 11:18 ESV] For, in the first place, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you. And I believe it in part,

[1Cr 11:19 ESV] for there must be factions among you in order that those who are genuine among you may be recognized.
Genuine: Those who love Jesus and those who don’t.
Galations 5. Those who struggle with sin
[Jhn 14:15 ESV] "If you love me, you will keep my commandments.

Missed the boat on the Lord’s Supper.
A hedonistic pot-luck.

[1Cr 11:20 ESV] When you come together, it is not the Lord's supper that you eat.
[1Cr 11:21 ESV] For in eating, each one goes ahead with his own meal. One goes hungry, another gets drunk.
[1Cr 11:22 ESV] What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God and humiliate those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I commend you in this? No, I will not.

This Communion Supper is about Jesus Christ and His sacrifice for you.
God becomes bigger & you become smaller.

[1Cr 11:23 ESV] For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread,
[1Cr 11:24 ESV] and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, "This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me."
[1Cr 11:25 ESV] In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me."
[1Cr 11:26 ESV] For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until He comes.

Warning to exercise humility
[1Cr 11:27 ESV] Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord.
[1Cr 11:28 ESV] Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup.

For the Christian: Judgment is God’s discipline for your sanctification
For the lost (experimenting with religion) a communion service could end with sickness or worse, death.

[1Cr 11:29 ESV] For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.
[1Cr 11:30 ESV] That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have died.

Don’t be afraid to judge yourself in the view of perfection.
You are supposed to recognize and hate your sin.
Hatred of your sin leads to repentance.

[1Cr 11:31 ESV] But if we judged ourselves truly, we would not be judged.
[1Cr 11:32 ESV] But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world.

God does not condemn you, but He has Set You Free!
[Rom 8:1 ESV] There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
[Rom 8:2 ESV] For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death.
[Rom 8:3 ESV] For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh,
[Rom 8:4 ESV] in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.

Free Indeed
[Jhn 8:34 ESV] Jesus answered them, "Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who practices sin is a slave to sin.
[Jhn 8:35 ESV] The slave does not remain in the house forever; the son remains forever.
[Jhn 8:36 ESV] So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed.

[Gal 5:1 ESV] For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery.

[1Cr 11:33 ESV] So then, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for one another--
[1Cr 11:34 ESV] if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home--so that when you come together it will not be for judgment. About the other things I will give directions when I come.

1 Cor. Chapter 11 B Communion

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