Gospel Survey of Mark; the Action Gospel!
Who Wrote it and when?
Mark: No name in the book. So how do we know.
Early church fathers.
It is cited by Papias, Irenaeus, the Muratorian Canon (most likely), Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian, Origen, and Jerome.
Papias, for example, writes:3
And the elder said this: “Mark became an interpreter of Peter; as many things as he remembered he wrote down accurately (though certainly not in order4) the things said or done by the Lord. For he neither heard the Lord nor followed him, but he came later—as he said with reference to Peter who taught whenever the need arose,5 but he did not [teach] according to the arrangement of the oracles of the Lord,6 with the result that Mark did not err7 when he thus wrote certain things as he recalled them. For he planned out one goal ahead of time,8 namely, to leave out nothing which he heard and not to falsify any [of the words of Peter].”9
When & Where
The earliest gospel with an authorship of between A.D. 55 to A.D. 70. In Rome.
Mark has connections
[Act 12:12 ESV] When he realized this, he went to the house of Mary, the mother of John whose other name was Mark, where many were gathered together and were praying.
Peter mentions Mark.
[1Pe 5:13 ESV] She who is at Babylon, who is likewise chosen, sends you greetings, and so does Mark, my son.
Paul and Barnabas
[Act 13:13 ESV] Now Paul and his companions set sail from Paphos and came to Perga in Pamphylia. And John left them and returned to Jerusalem,
Big Fight because of Mark.
[Act 15:37 ESV] Now Barnabas wanted to take with them John called Mark.
[Act 15:38 ESV] But Paul thought best not to take with them one who had withdrawn from them in Pamphylia and had not gone with them to the work.
[Act 15:39 ESV] And there arose a sharp disagreement, so that they separated from each other. Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed away to Cyprus,
[Act 15:40 ESV] but Paul chose Silas and departed, having been commended by the brothers to the grace of the Lord.
Paul trusts Mark again.
[2Ti 4:11 ESV] Luke alone is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, for he is very useful to me for ministry.
The preparation for Jesus’ ministry - Mk 1:2-13
[Mar 1:1 ESV] The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
[Mar 1:2 ESV] As it is written in Isaiah the prophet, "Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way,
[Mar 1:3 ESV] the voice of one crying in the wilderness: 'Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight,'"
[Mar 1:4 ESV] John appeared, baptizing in the wilderness and proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.
[Mar 1:5 ESV] And all the country of Judea and all Jerusalem were going out to him and were being baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.
[Mar 1:6 ESV] Now John was clothed with camel's hair and wore a leather belt around his waist and ate locusts and wild honey.
[Mar 1:7 ESV] And he preached, saying, "After me comes he who is mightier than I, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and untie.
[Mar 1:8 ESV] I have baptized you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit."
[Mar 1:9 ESV] In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan.
[Mar 1:10 ESV] And when he came up out of the water, immediately he saw the heavens being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove.
[Mar 1:11 ESV] And a voice came from heaven, "You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased."
[Mar 1:12 ESV] The Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness.
[Mar 1:13 ESV] And he was in